An engineering degree can provide you with access to any field, any profession, any industry or any career you might be interested in pursuing. To begin, getting an engineering degree qualifies you to work as an engineer. And the great thing about the engineering profession is that the opportunities are limitless. There are many fields you can choose from including, electrical, mechanical, computer science, electronics and communication, industrial, chemical, aerospace, etc. are to name a few.
This article is about the insights of all the Engineering fields and their respective career prospects.
1. Mechanical Engineering:
Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies engineering, physics, and materials science principles to design, analyze, manufacture and maintain mechanical systems. It is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines.
The mechanical engineering field requires an understanding of core areas including mechanics, dynamics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, and electricity. In addition to these core principles, mechanical engineers use tools such as computer-aided design (CAD), and product lifecycle management to design and analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, heating and cooling systems, transport systems, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices, weapons, and others. It is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production, and operation of machinery.
- Research and Development (R&D): Engineers whose role is to do research and then plan for new machines and their constituent parts.
- Design: Professionals whose responsibility is to draft technical drawings manually, or with the aid of computers.
- Production: Engineers who supervise the manufacturing of mechanical components and machines.
- Analysis and testing: Engineers who analyze and test different types of machines and their parts to ensure that they function flawlessly.
- Installation: Professionals who install machines and mechanical parts of the client location.
- Maintenance: Engineers whose primary role is to ensure that machinery is working as per specifications.
2. Computer science engineering:
(CSE) is one of the popular courses among engineering aspirants which focuses on the basic elements of computer programming and networking. Students pursuing computer science courses will gain knowledge of design, implementation, and management of information system of both hardware and software. Going by the name, CSE course deals primarily with the theory of computation and design of computational systems. The course is offered across the globe in technical institutions at undergraduate as well as postgraduate levels awarding B.Tech and M.tech degrees, respectively.
- The present and future world can’t live without technology and the boom in the technology sector will lead to lucrative opportunities.
- Increasing number of software companies and IT hubs like ‘Silicon Valley’ indicate an increasing demand for CSE experts.
- Concepts like ‘cloud computing’ upon which future technologies will be based need specialists in this domain.
3. Electrical engineering:
Electrical engineering is the design, building, and maintenance of electrical control systems, machinery and equipment. Some electrical engineering concerns are also found in mechanical and civil engineering.
Electrical engineering mainly focuses on large-scale production and distribution of electrical power.
Electrical engineers work in transport networks, lighting, heating, ventilation, lift systems, power generation and distribution, renewable energy, manufacturing, and construction. You will elaborate project plans, estimate project timescales and costs, manage the work of technicians and craftspeople, test installations, analyze data and ensure that health and safety regulations are met.
4. Civil engineering:
Civil engineering course deals with planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health as well as improving existing infrastructure. The course also teaches the development of better infrastructural facilities to sustain an eco-friendly environment. Civil engineering course is offered both at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
- The construction and infrastructural development projects including town planning are on the rise in the coming days and will demand more domain specialists.
- In search of comfortably safe homes, better roads and standardized living, the demand for civil engineers are to raise more.
5. Electronics & Communication Engineering:
Electronics & Communication Engineering deals with the electronic devices, circuits, communication equipment like transmitter, receiver, integrated circuits (IC). It also deals with basic electronics, analog and digital transmission & reception of data, voice and video, microprocessors, satellite communication, microwave engineering, antennae and wave progression. It aims to deepen the knowledge and skills of the students on the basic concepts and theories that will equip them in their professional work involving analysis, systems implementation, operation, production, and maintenance of the various applications in the field of Electronics and Communications Engineering.
The students after completion of the degree can easily avail job opportunities in manufacturing industries and service organizations such as broadcasting, consult, data communication, entertainment, research and development; and system support. The candidates can also work in modern multimedia service firms that are involved in a real-time transfer of information through video conferencing and internet broadcasting.
6. Aeronautical engineering:
Aeronautical engineering is a study of the design and systems of an aircraft. It involves a practical and theoretical understanding of materials, assembling parts, testing, and maintenance of aircrafts. Professional engineers working in this domain have to be licensed, aeronautical engineers. The course also enables students to attain knowledge of the advanced technology used in aircrafts traveling in outer space. Aeronautical engineering also covers disciplines like aerodynamics, avionics, and propulsion among others. Students pursuing aeronautical engineering can explore opportunities in defense organizations, government research centers, aircraft manufacturing organizations and NASA.
- There is a lot of scope in government organizations including defense.
- Aeronautical engineers can have earned well in private MNCs
- There are opportunities to work with NASA after completing higher studies in this stream.
There are many benefits that arise from choosing to study an engineering degree.
One of the biggest benefits of obtaining an engineering degree is that it promises to provide you with a variety of career opportunities. Did you know that Jimmy Carter, Neil Armstrong, and Alfred Hitchcock all started out studying engineering?
These men were a president, a filmmaker and an astronaut, respectively. One could surmise that this illustrates the potential dynamism of creative intellectuals that are drawn to a field like engineering.
Obtaining an engineering degree can open up many possibilities and doors for the future. There are many transferable skills that can be gained from studying engineering. Besides these transferable skills, you also have the option of becoming an engineer or a consultant in a related field.
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