Challenges with the African Education system

Some Statistics suggesting the state of learning in Africa

  • Africa has approximately 128 million school-aged children. Every 1 in 3 children in Africa is out of school.
  • Such is the poor condition of learning and tuition,that 37 million who do attend school, don’t learn enough to make something of it in the future.
  • Globally, 8 out of 10 countries with lowest school enrollment rates are African countries.
  • Just 20 percent of African children were enrolled in schools on average, as per 2012.

There are seven countries in which 40 percent or more of children do not meet a minimum standard of learning by grades 4 or 5. In countries such as Ethiopia, Nigeria and Zambia, over half of in-school students are not learning basic skills by the end of primary school. Through the barometer we aggregate the total number of children not learning based on out-of-school children at the end of primary school, children who are likely to drop out by the 5th grade, and those in school but not learning. The results are distressing. Under the current model, half of sub-Saharan Africa’s total primary school population – 61 million children – will reach adolescence without the basic skills needed to lead successful and productive lives.


Consequently, the negative projection of Africa’s economic and social growth is imminent. Unsurprisingly, the matters are worse when it comes to higher education. Emigration leads to high financial loss to any country. On average, there are 50 percent more students per professor at African universities compared to the global average.


  • As of today, just 6 percent of the eligible African youth is enrolled in higher education institutions and universities, compared to the global average of 26 percent, sparking a contrasting difference.
  • As per 2008, about 223,000 students from Africa were enrolled in higher education outside of their home countries, representing 7.5 percent of the total number of students studying internationally. And now, the number is higher than ever.

This indicates that while there’s a rather high demand for higher education amongst African students, there’s also scarcity of trained teachers, instructional material, and infrastructure development. Rising enrollment rates have drastically outpaced an increase in education funding. This is urging African students to seek cost-effective and quality education outside of their home continent, making them the most mobile students in the world.



Problems faced by students of African countries:


” There are so many problems in my country that affect sound academic learning. These problems include little or no resources, lackadaisical attitudes of some lectures and instructors (They hardly come to lecture and even when they do, they are more concerned about selling material for their financial gains and also love to intimidate and harass students freely)

The staff of our school goes on strike for months which will result in undue extension of time of graduation of students.For instance, my school is presently under locks due to revolts by staffs over non payments of some accrued benefits”

~   Friday Entonu, Rwanda


” Firstly,  there are internal politics.The professors encourage favoritism, and dont give marks unless they get something in return.  Its ridiculous.

Secondly, the state of education is very low. There’s too much focus on theory, and not at all on practical and industrial exposure, which is really important for growth.

Finally,even when we graduate with a degree, it is all in vain since we dont get quality,course relevant  jobs after schooling because of low state of employment here.”    

~  David Alabi , Nigeria


” In Ghana universities use protocols admission. They admit base on public figures you know. I got a very good grade which I could have use to study pharmacy here but they denied me admission into school of pharmacy here. “

~  Caleb Emmanuel, Ghana


One solution to these problems:


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